Herniated Disc – Disc Bulge

Also called: spinal disc herniation

A condition which refers to a problem with a rubbery disc between the spinal bones

Very common

More than 10 million cases per year (India)

    • Treatable by a medical professional
    • Requires a medical diagnosis
    • Lab tests or imaging always required
    • Medium-term: resolves within months

    This condition occurs when the soft centre of a spinal disc pushes through a crack in the tougher exterior casing.

    Some herniated discs cause no symptoms. Others can irritate nearby nerves and result in pain, numbness or weakness in an arm or leg.

    Not every disc needs intervention. When required, treatment includes medication, physiotherapy and possibly surgery

Symptoms

Requires a medical diagnosis Some herniated discs cause no symptoms.

Others can irritate nearby nerves and result in pain, numbness or weakness in an arm or leg.

Can have no symptoms, but people may experience:

Pain areas: in the back and leg, lower back, arm, back, foot, or leg
Sensory: leg numbness, pins and needles, reduced sensation of touch, or uncomfortable tingling and burning
Muscular: muscle weakness, muscle spasms, or overactive reflexes
Also common: foot numbness, hand numbness, or stiff neck