Migraine ( सिरदर्द )


Also called: migraine headache

A headache of varying intensity, often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound.

Very common

More than 10 million cases per year (India)

    • Treatable by a medical professional
    • Requires a medical diagnosis
    • Lab tests or imaging always required
    • Medium-term: resolves within months

Migraine headaches are sometimes preceded by warning symptoms. Triggers include hormonal changes, certain food and drink, stress and exercise.

Migraine headaches can cause throbbing in one particular area that can vary in intensity. Nausea and sensitivity to light and sound are also common symptoms.

Preventive and pain-relieving medication can help manage migraine headaches.

Symptoms

Usually self-diagnosable

Migraine headaches can cause throbbing in one particular area that can vary in intensity. Nausea and sensitivity to light and sound are also common symptoms.

People may experience: Pain areas: in the face or neck Pain types: can be dull
Headache: can be acute, frequent, severe, or throbbing
Sensory: aura, pins and needles, sensitivity to light, or sensitivity to sound
Whole body: dizziness, light-headedness, or malaise
Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting
Visual: blurred vision or distorted vision
Also common: irritability, nasal congestion, or scalp tenderness